Arizal, M. A. A, Azman, A. H., Jaafar, M. N. M., Wan Omar, W. Z.


Jatropha Curcas is a non-edible plant that can be used for renewable or alternative energy. The seeds of Jatropha contain up to 60 percent oil. The oil can be converted into biodiesel by well-known two-step using acid-base catalytic transesterification. This paper shows the combustion performance of biodiesel derived from Jatropha oil in an oil burner designed for conventional diesel. Biodiesel used in this study is a blend of diesel with Jatropha Methyl Ester (JME) and combustion performance was measured and compared with that of conventional diesel fuel (CDF). The combustion performance of Jatropha biodiesel is based on wall temperature profiles and the amount of gaseous emissions emitted such as nitrous oxide (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and carbon monoxide (CO). It was demonstrated that biodiesel derived from Jatropha is comparable to the combustion properties of CDF and has high potential to be used as alternative fuel for diesel machines.

Full Text:



Lim, S. and Teong, L. K. 2010. Recent Trends, Opportunities and Challenges of Biodiesel in Malaysia: an Overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 14(3): 938-954.

Kalam, M. A., Ahamed, J. U. and Masjuki, H. H. 2012. Land Availability of Jatropha Production in Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 16(6): 3999-4007.

Qi, D. H., Chen, H., Geng, L. M. and Bian, Y. Z. 2010. Experimental Studies on the Combustion Characteristics and Performance of a Direct Injection Engine Fueled with Biodiesel/Diesel Blends. Energy Conversion and Management. 51(12): 2985-2992.

Akbar, E., Yaakob, Z., Kamarudin, S. K., Ismail, M. and Salimon, J. 2009. Characteristic and Composition of Jatropha Curcas Oil Seed from Malaysia and its Potential as Biodiesel Feedstock Feedstock. European journal of scientific research. 29(3): 396-403.

Ishak, M. S. A. 2012. Feasibility Study of Using Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas) Oil as Bio-diesel on Oil Firing Burner System. International Review of Mechanical Engineering. 6(6): 1302-1306.

Ong, H. C., Silitonga, A. S., Masjuki, H. H., Mahlia, T. M. I., Chong, W. T. and Boosroh, M. H. 2013. Production and Comparative Fuel Properties of Biodiesel from Non-Edible Oils: Jatropha Curcas, Sterculia Foetida and Ceiba Pentandra. Energy Conversion and Management. 73: 245-255.

Lapuerta, M., Armas, O. and Rodríguez-Fernández, J. 2008. Effect of Biodiesel Fuels on Diesel Engine Emissions. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 34: 198–223.

Saroj, K. J., Sandu, F., and Filip To, S. D. 2008. Flame Temperature Analysis of Biodiesel Blends and Components. Fuel. 87(10–11): 1982-1988.

Farouk, H., Jaafar, M. N. M. and Atabani, A. E. 2014. A Study of Biodiesel Production from Crude Jatropha Oil (CJO) with High Level of Free Fatty Acids. Jurnal Teknologi. 69(3): 65-72.

Monyem, A., Van Gerpen, J. H. and Canakci, M. 2001. The Effect of Timing and Oxidation on Emissions from Biodiesel-Fueled Engines. Trans ASAE. 44(1): 35 – 42.

Arizal, M. A. A. and Jaafar, M. N. M. 2015. Effect of Varying the Retainer Angle on the Performance of Oil Burner. Jurnal Teknologi. 72(4): 91-97.

Pradhan, R. C., Mishra, S., Naik, S. N., Bhatnagar, N. and Vijay, V. K. 2011. Oil Expression from Jatropha Seeds using a Screw Press Expeller. Biosystems engineering. 109(2): 158-166.

Kalam, M.A. and Masjuki, H.H. 2004. Emissions and Deposit Characteristics of a Small Diesel Engine When Operated on Preheated Crude Palm Oil. Biomass Bioenergy. 27: 289–297.

Hoekman, S.K., Gertler, A., Broch, A., Robbins, C. and Natarajan, M. 2009. Changes in Emissions from Use of Biodistillate Fuels in the U.S. Proceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA. 6: 4003-4007.

Demirbas, A. 2008. Biofuels Sources, Biofuel Policy, Biofuel Economy and Global Biofuel Projections. Energy conversion and management. 49(8): 2106-2116.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2012 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.