PHYTOREMEDIATON OF HEAVY METALS FROM WASTEWATER BY CONSTRUCTED WETLAND MICROCOSM PLANTED WITH ALOCASIA PUBER

Najaa Syuhada Mohamad Thani, Rozidaini Mohd Ghazi, Mohd Faiz Mohd Amin, Zulhazman Hamzah

Abstract


Water pollution by toxic heavy metals is a global environmental problem. It has led to the development of alternative technologies for heavy metals removal from contaminated sites. Constructed wetland microcosm by using Alocasia puber is a possible treatment method for wastewater containing heavy metals. Synthetic wastewater with heavy metals Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn were used in this study. Several heavy metals concentrations (5 mg/L, 10 mg/L and 100 mg/L) were used in the systems. Six different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 days) were tested in the present study. The results obtained showed removal efficiencies of heavy metals of >99% after day 12. The removal of Ni from 10 mg/L solutions (initial concentrations) recorded the best removal efficiency. Heavy metal translocation factor (TF) was found to be less than 1 for all metals tested, which confirmed the significance of roots as heavy metals accumulator compared to stems or leaves of A, puber. Therefore, this study concluded that A, puber has a great potential as an important component in constructed wetlands for water contaminated with heavy metals.


Keywords


Phytoremediation, Alocasia puber, constructed wetlands, heavy metals, waste water contamination

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ghosh, M and Singh, S. P. 2005. A Review on Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals and Utilization of Its Byproducts. Applied Ecology Environmental Research. 3 (1): 1-18.

Ballesteros, F., Hau, T., Freda, M. and Dinh, P. 2016. Removal Efficiencies of Constructed Wetland and Efficacy of Plant on Treating Benzene. Sustainable Environment Resources. 26(2): 93-96.

Abou-Elela, S.I., Golinelli, G. and Hellal, M. S. 2014. Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Using Horizontal Flow Constructed Wetlands in Egypt. Water Science & Technology. 69(1): 38-47.

Dong, H., Qiang, Z., Li, T. , Jin, H. and Chen, W. 2012. Effect of Artificial Aeration on the Performance of Vertical-Flow Constructed Wetland Treating Heavily Polluted River Water. Journal of Environmental Science. 24(4): 596-601.

Núñez, S. E. R., Negrete, J. L. M., Rios, J. A. H., Hadad, R. and Maine, M. 2011. Hg , Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn Accumulation in Macrophytes Growing in Tropical Wetlands. Water Air Soil Pollution. 216: 361-373.

Collins, B. S., Sharitz, R. R. and Coughlin, D. P. 2005. Elemental Composition of Native Wetland Plants in Constructed Mesocosm Treatment Wetlands. Bioresources Technology. 96: 937-948.

Ujang, Z., Soedjono, E., Salim, M. R. and Shutes, R. B. 2005. Landfill Leachate Treatment by an Experimental Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland in Tropical Climate Countries. Water Science Technology. 52(12): 243-250.

Yalcuk, A. and Ugurlu, A. 2009. Bioresource Technology Comparison of Horizontal and Vertical Constructed Wetland Systems for Landfill Leachate Treatment. Bioresource Technology. 100 (9): 2521-2526.

Tanner, C. C., Sukias, J. P. S., Headley, T. R., Yates, C. R. and Stott, R. 2012. Constructed Wetlands and Denitrifying Bioreactors for On-site and Decentralised Wastewater Treatment : Comparison of Five Alternative Configurations. Ecological Engineering. 42: 112-123.

Obi, C. and Woke, J. 2014. The Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution by Colocasia Esculenta Araesia Linn Schott. Sky Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management 3(6): 59-66.

Vidayanti, V. and Choesin, D. N. 2017. Phytoremediation of Chromium : Distribution and Speciation of Chromium in Typha Angustifolia. International Journal of Plant Biology. 8(6870): 14-18.

Vymazal, J. and Březinová, T. 2016. Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Aboveground Biomass of Phragmites Australis in Horizontal Flow Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: A Review. Chemical Engineering Journal. 290(2016): 232-242.

Bôto, M., Almeida, C. M. R. and Mucha, A. P. 2016. Potential of Constructed Wetlands for Removal of Antibiotics from Saline Aquaculture Effluents. Water. 8(465): 1-14.

Mishra, V. K. and Tripathi, B. D. 2009. Accumulation of Chromium and Zinc from Aqueous Solutions Using Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Journal Hazardous Material.164(2-3):1059-1063.

Mojiri, A., Aziz, H. A., Zahed, M. A., and Aziz, S. Q. 2013. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals from Urban Waste Leachate by Southern Cattail (Typha domingensis). International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Science. 1(4): 63-70.

Yadav, K. K., Gupta, N., Kumar, A., Reece, L. M. and Singh, N. 2018. Mechanistic Understanding and Holistic Approach of Phytoremediation: A Review on Application and Future Prospects. Ecological Engineering. 120: 274-498.

Mustapha, H. I., Van Bruggen, J. J. A. and Lens, P. N. L. 2018. Fate of Heavy Metals In Vertical Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands Treating Secondary Treated Petroleum Refinery Wastewater in Kaduna, Nigeria. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 20(1): 44-53.

Arivoli, V, Mohanraj, R. and Seenivasan, R. 2015. Application of Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland in Treatment of Heavy Metals from Pulp and Paper Industry Wastewater. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 22(17): 13336-13343.

Ranieri, E. 2012. Chromium and Nickel Control in Full- and Small-scale Subsuperficial Flow Constructed Wetlands. Soil Sediment Contaminant. 21(7): 802-814.

Mishra, V. K. and Tripathi, B. D. 2008. Concurrent Removal and Accumulation of Heavy Metals by the Three Aquatic Macrophytes. Bioresources Technology.99(15): 7091-7097.

Hadad, H. R. and Tome, S. 2006. Macrophyte Growth in a Pilot- Scale Constructed Wetland for Industrial Wastewater Treatment. Chemosphere. 63: 1744-1753.

Mashhor, M., Lim, P.E. and Shutes, R. B. E. 2002. Constructed Wetlands: Design, Management and Education. Malaysia: Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Mwanyika, F. T., Ogendi, G. M. and Kipkemboi, J. K. 2016. Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater by a Constructed Wetland System at Egerton University, Kenya. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology.10(1): 15-20.

Thakur, C., Mall, I. D. and Srivastava, V. C. 2013. Effect of Hydraulic Retention Time and Filling Time on Simultaneous Biodegradation of Phenol, Resorcinol and Catechol in a Sequencing Batch Reactor. Archives of Environmental Protection. 39(2): 69-80.

Stottmeister, U., Wießner, A., Kuschk, P., Kappelmeyer, U., Bederski, O., Mu, R. A. and Moormann, H. 2003. Effects of Plants and Microorganisms in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment. Biotechnology Advances. 22: 93-117.

Demirezen, A. and Aksoy, D. 2004. Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Typha angustifolia (L.) and Potamogeton pectinatus (L.) living in Sultan Marsh (Kayseri, Turkey) Du. Chemosphere. 56: 685-696.

Tanner, C. C. 2001. Growth and Nutrient Dynamics of Soft-Stem Bulrush in Constructed Wetlands Treating Nutrient-Rich Wastewater. Wetland Ecological Management. 9: 49-73.

Gopal, B. 1999. Natural and Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment : Potentials and Problems. Water Science and Technology. 40(3): 27-35.

Yadav, A. K., Abbassi, R., Kumar, N., Satya, S., Sreekrishnan, T. R. and Mishra, B. K. 2012. The Removal of Heavy Metals in Wetland Microcosms: Effects of Bed Depth, Plant Species, and Metal Mobility. Chemical Engineering Journal. 211-212: 501-507.

Al-Farraj, A. S., Al-Otabi, T. G. and Al-Wabel, M. I. 2009. Accumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Heavy Metals through Ochradenus Baccatus Plant Grown on Mining Area at Mahad Ad’dahab, Saudi Arabia. Ecosystem Sustainable Devolopment VII. 122: 459-468.

Al-Farraj, A. S., Al-Wabel, M. I., Al-Shahrani, T. S., El-Maghraby, S. E. and Al-Sewailem, M. A. S. 2010. Accumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Heavy Metals through Rhazya Stricta Grown in the Mining Area of Mahad AD’Dahab, Saudi Arabia. Waste Management and The Environment V. 140: 325-336.

Vandecasteele, B., Meers, E., Vervaeke, P., De Vos, B. Quataert, P. and Tack F. M. G. 2005. Growth and Trace Metal Accumulation of Two Salix Clones on Sediment-Derived Soils with Increasing Contamination Levels. Chemosphere. 58(8): 995-1002.

Gupta, A. K. and Sinha, S. 2006. Chemical Fractionation and Heavy Metal Accumulation in the Plant of Sesamum Indicum (L.) var. T55 Grown on Soil Amended with Tannery Sludge: Selection of Single Extractants. Chemosphere. 64(1): 161-173.

Oyuela, L. M. A., Fernández, G. W. D. and Sarmiento M. C. G. 2017. Native Herbaceous Plant Species with Potential Use in Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals, Spotlight on Wetlands- A Review. Chemosphere. 168: 1230-1247.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v81.13613

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  

Copyright © 2012 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.